DALLAS (AP) – A Texas teenager who was deported to Colombia in May after
claiming to be an illegal immigrant was returned to the United States
and remains at the center of an international mystery over how a minor
could be sent to a country where she is not a citizen.
Her family has questioned why U.S. officials didn’t do more to verify
her identity and say she is not fluent in Spanish and had no ties to
Colombia. While many facts of the case involving Jakadrien Lorece Turner
remain unclear, U.S. and Colombian officials have pointed fingers over
who is responsible.
Jakadrien, 15, arrived in Dallas on Friday evening and was reunited
with her family. She was flanked by her mother, grandmother and law
enforcement when she emerged from the international gate at Dallas-Fort
Worth International Airport shortly before 10 p.m.
“She’s happy to be home,” the family’s attorney, Ray Jackson, said,
adding that the family would not be issuing any statements Friday night.
He said the family was “ecstatic” to have Jakadrien back in Texas and
they plan to “do what we can to make sure she gets back to a normal
Immigration experts say that while cases of mistaken identity are
rare, people can slip through the cracks, especially if they don’t have
legal help or family members working on their behalf. But they say U.S.
immigration authorities had the responsibility to determine if a person
is a citizen.
“Often in these situations they have these group hearings where they
tell everybody you’re going to be deported,” said Jacqueline Stevens, a
political science professor at Northwestern University, who is an expert
on immigration issues. “Everything is really quick, even if you
understand English you wouldn’t understand what is going on. If she were
in that situation as a 14-year-old she would be herded through like
cattle and not have a chance to talk to the judge about her situation.”
Jakadrien’s saga began when the teen ran away more than a year ago.
Jakadrien’s family said she left home in November 2010. Houston police
said the girl was arrested on April 2, 2011, for misdemeanor theft in
that city and claimed to be Tika Lanay Cortez, a Colombian woman born in
1990. It was unclear if she has been living under that name.
Houston police said in a statement that her name was run through a
database to determine if she was wanted by Immigration and Customs
Enforcement but the results were negative. She was then turned over to
the Harris County jail and booked on the theft charge.
The county sheriff’s office said it ran her through the available
databases and did the interviews necessary to establish her identity and
immigration status in the country, with negative results. A sheriff’s
office employee recommended that an immigration detainer be put on her,
and upon her release from jail she was turned over to ICE.
U.S. immigration officials insist they followed procedure and found
nothing to indicate that the girl wasn’t a Colombian woman living
illegally in the country.
An ICE official said the teen claimed to be Cortez throughout the
criminal proceedings in Houston and the ensuing deportation process, in
which an immigration judge ultimately ordered her back to Colombia.
Standard procedure before any deportation is to coordinate with the
other country in order to establish that person is from there, the ICE
The ICE official, speaking on condition of anonymity due to not being
authorized to discuss additional details of the case, said the teenager
was interviewed by a representative from the Colombian consulate and
that country’s government issued her a travel document to enter
Jakadrien was issued travel documents at the request of U.S.
officials using information they provided, the Colombian Ministry of
Foreign Affairs said. Colombian officials are investigating what kind of
verification was conducted by its Houston consulate to issue the
The girl was given Colombian citizenship upon arriving in that country, the ICE official said.
According to the Colombian Ministry of Foreign Affairs, the girl was
enrolled in the country’s “Welcome Home” program after she arrived
there. She was given shelter, psychological assistance and a job at a
call center, a statement from the agency said.
“If she looked like an adult, and she told them she was a 21-year-old
Colombian citizen, and she didn’t show up in their databases, this was
inevitable,” said Albert Armendariz, an immigration attorney from El
Jakadrien’s family says they have no idea why she ended up in
Colombia. Johnisa Turner said the girl is a U.S. citizen who was born in
Dallas and was not fluent in Spanish. She said neither she nor the
teen’s father had ties to Colombia. Jakadrien’s grandmother, Lorene
Turner, called the deportation a “big mistake somebody made.”
“She looks like a kid, she acts like a kid. How could they think she wasn’t a kid?” Lorene Turner asked on Thursday.
Lorene Turner, a Dallas hairstylist, said she spent a lot of time on the Internet trying to track down Jakadrien.
Ultimately, the girl was found in Bogota by the Dallas Police Department with help from Colombian and U.S. officials.
Dallas Police detective C’mon (pronounced Simone) Wingo, the
detective in charge of the case, said she was contacted in August by the
girl’s grandmother, who said Jakadrien had posted “kind of disturbing”
messages on a Facebook account where she goes by yet another name.
Wingo said the girl was located in early November through her use of a
computer to log into Facebook. Relatives were then put into contact
with the U.S. embassy in Bogota to provide pictures and documents to
prove Jakadrien’s identity.
Colombian officials said when the government discovered she was a
U.S. citizen and a minor, it put her under the care of a welfare
State Department spokeswoman Victoria Nuland said the case was brought to the State Department’s attention in mid-December.
“We didn’t have any involvement at all in this case until it came to
light that there may be a problem with an American minor in Colombia,
and that – and then we became involved both with Colombian authorities
and with folks in Dallas,” Nuland said.
Stephen Yale-Loehr, who teaches immigration law at Cornell Law
School, said hundreds of U.S. citizens are wrongfully detained or
deported each year.
“There are a variety of legitimate reasons why somebody might not
appear to be a U.S. citizen at first glance.” he said. “It’s the duty of
the U.S. federal immigration agency to make sure that we do not detain
and deport U.S. citizens erroneously. And this, unfortunately happened
in this case.”